I. Overview of Pakistani Taxation

As a developing nation, Pakistan's taxation policies have undergone significant reforms and adjustments in recent years.Employers hiring foreign workers must grasp the taxation regulations in Pakistan to ensure compliant tax practices. This guide aims to provide overseas employers with insights into Pakistan's taxation system.

II. Personal Income Tax

In Pakistan, personal income tax is calculated based on the income level of employees. As per the regulations of the Pakistan Revenue Board, personal income tax is categorized into five tiers, with rates ranging from 5% to 25%. The specific rates and exemptions depend on the income level and family status of the employee. When hiring foreign workers, employers must deduct personal income tax from their salaries as per the Pakistan Revenue Board's requirements. Employers are also required to report the employee's salary and the deducted personal income tax amount to the tax authorities.

III. Social Insurance Contributions

Pakistan's social insurance system encompasses pension, medical insurance, and unemployment insurance. According to the regulations of the Pakistani Ministry of Labour, employers must contribute to social insurance for overseas employees. The contribution ratefor social insurance depends on the employee's salary level, generally representing a certain percentage of the total salary.

IV. Value Added Tax (VAT)

Pakistan operates a value-added tax system applicable to the sale of goods and services. According to the regulations ofthe Pakistan Revenue Board, employers need to pay VAT at a certain rate based on the sales amount. The specific tax rate depends on the nature of the goods orservices sold. If overseas employers sell goods or provide services in Pakistan, they must comply with Pakistan's VAT regulations. Additionally, employers must report sales figures and the VAT amount paid to the tax authorities.

V. Corporate Income Tax

In Pakistan, corporate income tax is calculated based on a company's profits. According to the regulations of the Pakistan Revenue Board, the corporate income tax rate is 30%. Overseas employers establishing branches or subsidiaries in Pakistan and generating profits must comply with corporate income tax regulations.

VI. Avoiding Double Taxation

To avoid double taxation, Pakistan has signed double taxation agreements with many countries. Under these agreements, overseas employers can apply for reductions or exemptions from a portion of the taxes paid in Pakistan. However, applying for tax reductions or exemptions requires meeting the conditions specified in the agreements and submitting relevant documents and applications to the Pakistan Revenue Board.

VII. Importance of Compliance Taxation

For overseas employers, compliance with taxation regulations is crucial. Firstly, compliant taxation ensures that employers adhere to Pakistan's legal framework, avoiding potential legal risks and fines. Secondly, compliant taxation helps maintain good relations between employers and employees, increasing employee satisfaction and loyalty.

When hiring foreign workers, overseas employers should understand and comply with Pakistan's taxation regulations to ensure compliant tax practices. Additionally, it is recommended for overseas employers to consult with professional accountants or lawyers to ensure the legality and compliance of their operations in Pakistan.


This guide provides overseas employers withessential information on taxation in Pakistan, enabling them to betterunderstand the country's taxation system. Through compliant tax practices,overseas employers can ensure the legality and compliance of their operationsin Pakistan while maintaining positive relationships with their employees.Understanding and complying with Pakistan's taxation regulations are crucialfor overseas employers.

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