I. Thailand's Statutory Leave System

Thailand, primarily driven by the tourism industry, places significant emphasis on its leave system. According to Thai labor law, employees are entitled to paid leave after completing one year of service within a year. The specific number of leave days depends on the employee's tenure with the same company. Here are the details of Thailand's statutory leave days:

1. Employees who have worked for the same company for at least 120 days but less than 1 year are entitled to 6 days of paid leave.

2. Employees with a tenure of at least 1year but less than 3 years are entitled to 8 days of paid leave.

3. Employees with a tenure of at least 3years but less than 6 years are entitled to 10 days of paid leave.

4. Employees with a tenure of at least 6years but less than 10 years are entitled to 12 days of paid leave.

5. Employees with a tenure of 10 years or more are entitled to 15 days of paid leave.

It's important to note that employees must request leave from the employer 30 days in advance and receive approval to enjoy paid leave. Additionally, if an employee falls ill or encounters an accident during the leave, relevant documentation must be provided to the employer for sick or personal leave applications.

II. Thailand's Special Leave System

In addition to statutory leave, Thailand has special leave provisions to address specific employee needs. Common special leave categories in Thailand include:

1. Marriage Leave: Employees can take 3days of paid leave when getting married.

2. Bereavement Leave: Employees can take 3to 7 days of paid bereavement leave, depending on the relationship with thedeceased.

3. Maternity Leave: Female employees cantake 98 days of maternity leave, with at least 45 days after childbirth.

4. Paternity Leave: Male employees can take5 days of paid paternity leave.

5. Sick Leave: Employees can take paid sick leave during illness, with the specific duration determined by the doctor's diagnosis.

Specific provisions for special leave may vary between companies, and employers should establish policies in accordance with Thai labor law and internal regulations.

III. Thailand's Welfare Benefits

In addition to leave, Thailand provides various welfare benefits to safeguard employee rights and well-being. Common welfare benefits in Thailand include:

1. Social Insurance: Thailand has a social insurance system covering medical, retirement, unemployment, and work-related injuries. Both employers and employees contribute to social insurance funds.

2. Provident Fund: Thailand implements a provident fund system, with both employers and employees contributing to the fund. Employees can apply for fund withdrawal upon resignation.

3. Health Checkups: According to Thai labor law, employers are required to provide one free annual health checkup for employees.

4. Paid Sick Leave: As per Thai labor law, employees are entitled to paid sick leave, with specific terms determined by internal company regulations.

It's essential to note that welfare benefits may vary between companies, and employers should establish policies in line with Thai labor law and internal regulations. Clear communication and explanation to employees are crucial.


For overseas employers hiring Thai employees, understanding Thailand's leave system and welfare benefits is crucial. Properly managing employee leave and providing good welfare not only enhances employee loyalty and sense of belonging but also improves overall efficiency and productivity. Therefore, it is recommended that overseas employers adhere to Thai labor law and formulate appropriate leave and welfare policies based on the company's actual situation. This approach can create a positive work environment for employees and enhance the competitiveness of the business.

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